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Innovative places in Europe: research clustering, co-patenting networks and the growth of regions
|Authors and Corporations:|
|Title:||Innovative places in Europe: research clustering, co-patenting networks and the growth of regions/ Julian P. Christ|
Frankfurt am Main, New York Peter Lang ©2012
Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften
|Item Description:||1 Online-Ressource (xxii, 351 pages); illustrations, maps ; Includes bibliographical references|
|ISBN:||3653017785, 3631633033, 9783653017786, 9783631633038|
2.1.4. Agglomeration, Clustering and External Economies2.1.5. Agglomeration, Research Clustering and Pecuniary Externalities; 2.1.6. Industry and Research Clustering and Innovation Externalities; 2.1.7. Agglomerations, Networks and Knowledge Transmission; 2.2. A Survey of the Empirical Literature; 2.2.1. The Co-Evolution of Different Strands of Empirical Research; 2.2.2. Regional Disparities, Urbanization and Research Clustering; 2.2.3. The Regional Knowledge Production Function; 2.2.4. Localization, Urbanization and Regional Development.
2.2.5. Patent Citations, Paper Trails and Real Spillovers2.2.6. Researcher Mobility, Social Networks and Diaspora; 2.2.7. Research Collaborations and Co-Patenting Networks; 3. Innovative Places, Research Clustering and Co-Agglomeration in Europe; 3.1. Analyzing Research Clustering in Europe; 3.2. Patent Data as Indicators in Empirical Analysis; 3.2.1. Advantages of Patent Data as Indicators; 3.2.2. Drawbacks and Technical Issues of Patent Data; 3.3. The Database: Patent Data, Regions and Research Activity; 3.3.1. Overview and General Information; 3.3.2. The Spatial Classification System.
3.3.3. The IPC-Technology Field Concordance3.4. Geographic Concentration and Regional Disparities of Research Activities; 3.4.1. Measuring Geographic Concentration and Regional Disparities; 3.4.2. Three Decades of EPO Patenting in Europe; 3.5. Identifying Research Clusters and Co-Agglomeration in Europe; 3.5.1. Research Clusters, Cities and Inventorship; 3.5.2. The Research Cluster Index; 3.5.3. Patent Data, Regional Typology and Technology Fields; 3.5.4. Research Clusters in Europe by Technology Field; 3.5.5. Co-Agglomeration of Research Clusters in Europe.
3.5.6. Research Clustering in Urban Areas and Capital Regions4. European Co-Patenting Networks and Inter-Regional Linkages; 4.1. Analyzing European Research Collaborations; 4.2. Spatial Interdependence of European Patenting Activity; 4.2.1. Measuring Spatial Interdependence; 4.2.2. Spatial Interdependence of Patenting Activity in Europe; 4.3. European Co-Patenting Networks, Inter-Regional Linkages and Foreign Co-Inventors; 4.3.1. International versus Inter-Regional Co-Patenting Linkages; 4.3.2. The Relational Database; 4.3.3. The Research Methodology.
Acknowledgements; Table of Contents; List of Figures; List of Tables; List of Boxes; List of Abbreviations; 1. Innovative Places in Europe; 1.1. Introduction and Motivation; 1.2. Outline of the Thesis and Research Questions; 2. Research Clustering, Co-Inventor Networks and Innovative Places: A Literature Survey; 2.1. A Survey of the Theoretical Literature; 2.1.1. The Co-Evolution of Research Strands in the Cluster Literature; 2.1.2. From First-Nature Agglomerations to Knowledge-Intensive Industries; 2.1.3. Agglomeration, Indivisibilities and Fragmentation.
Regional disparities and spatial clustering are ubiquitous in today's world. This study contributes with empirical findings on the distribution of European research and patenting activity since the 1980s at the regional level. Besides a general theoretical part, it offers a quantitative clustering analysis, which makes use of EPO patent applications and a harmonized regional and technological classification. Moreover, the pan-European study incorporates a structural analysis of inter-regional co-patenting networks at the regional and technological level that covers the 1990s and 2000s. Finally